National Dengue Day 2021: Tips & How to Protect Yourself from the Disease
National Dengue Day 2021: Tips & How to Protect Yourself from the Disease
Posted On : 16 May 2021, 4 Months Ago. Health-wellness
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May 16 is observed as National Dengue Day in India. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India has made the notification of dengue cases mandatory across states with an underlying goal to carry out disease surveillance, prevent mass outbreaks, and enforce preventive measures in hotspots.


Causes of Dengue


Dengue is a viral disease caused by the dengue virus. The virus is transmitted by the bite of the Aedes mosquito found in tropical and subtropical climates. There are a total of four types of dengue viruses and being infected by any one of them can cause dengue fever.


The onset of dengue symptoms occurs between 3-14 days of being bitten by the carrier mosquito. The symptoms include fever, muscle and joint pain, headaches, pain behind the eyes, and rashes. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is followed by an acute onset of symptoms like abdominal cramping, vomiting, and bleeding. In case of severe cases of hemorrhagic fever, the disease can prove to be fatal due to dengue shock syndrome.


Treatment of Dengue


Dengue infections range from mild to severe. In milder cases, treatment of dengue at home is possible under the supervision of a qualified physician. The infected patient is prescribed paracetamol, plenty of fluids, and rest. In severe cases, the physician may recommend hospitalization or a stronger dose of medication to manage the symptoms.


It is important to consult a physician upon onset of symptoms and not self-medicate. Based on blood reports and other vital parameters, the doctor will recommend a course of action best suited to your individual case. When caring for a patient who has tested positive for dengue, it is important to remember that the patient is infectious in the first 4-5 days since the onset of symptoms. The patient can transmit the infection to someone else during that period. Utmost care should be taken to prevent the disease from spreading further.


Prevention of Dengue


Dengue is easily preventable if certain safety and hygiene protocols are meticulously followed. The objective is to reduce exposure to the Aedes mosquito bites during the monsoon season when widespread breeding of the mosquito is at an all-time high. There are certain measures, which if followed correctly can reduce dengue cases and help save lives.


1. Removal of Stagnant Water


The mosquito is responsible for transmitting dengue breeds in stagnant water. This is why cases increase in the monsoon months. Exposed buckets of water, flower vases, water containers for pets, and ornamental pots filled with water should be cleaned and replaced with fresh water regularly. Where possible, larvicides should be added to the water to kill the Aedes mosquito larvae. If water must be left stagnant for a prolonged period, every attempt should be made to keep it covered to prevent infestation by the Aedes mosquito.


2. Covering Hands and Legs


During season time for dengue, ensuring proper coverage of hands and legs can prevent bites from the Aedes mosquito. Avoiding the use of aromatic soaps and perfumes and proper application of mosquito repellents will keep mosquitos at bay. Additionally, avoiding hotspots and areas that experience water accumulation during the monsoon is a sound practice.


3. Create a Safe Environment at Home


Creating a protective environment at home by using insecticide-treated bed nets, coils and vaporisers, window screens and other such structural barriers is an essential safety best practice.


4. Segregate Waste Responsibly


Separating wet waste from dry waste is not only an environmentally friendly practice but also necessary to curtail the spread of disease. Wet garbage is a breeding ground for mosquitoes. By ensuring that wet waste is segregated and disposed of properly, all stakeholders, the collectors, and the waste management authorities are protected.


National Dengue Day


National Day Dengue Day is an effort by the Ministry of Healthy and Family Welfare to create awareness about dengue and prevent deadly outbreaks. It is an effort to mobilize state governments and civic bodies to improve preparedness and encourage vigilance among citizens on preventive methods against the disease. Through a national observance a single day dedicated to raising awareness about dengue, the Ministry also hopes to give impetus to disease surveillance programs and educate the public on the symptoms, causes, and protocols to be followed in case of detection.




Preventive methods in the outbreak of potentially fatal diseases are necessary so as not to burden the healthcare system during the monsoon season when the disease is most prevalent. Boosting the immune system through daily exercise, eating right, yoga and meditation practices are also recommended preventive practices. Additionally, getting a good health insurance policy that covers hospitalization expenses and treatments, tests and medication are also necessary. You can compare health insurance plans online, along with health insurance premiums, and select a health insurance plan best suited to your needs.




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